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How to Choose an Industrial Fanless PC

The size of the average computer has grown beyond office spaces and server rooms. With the advancement of Industry 4.0, more and more environments require computers to work. This is to monitor and control the company's production process. Over the years this has led to the design of many new rugged industrial computers designed for the most difficult working environment conditions, even extreme ones, while responding to the necessary computing requirements, also for specialized equipment.

In this hostile condition for equipment, one of the latest trends is computers without fans. How do they work and what are their benefits? What factors need to be considered when choosing a fanless industrial computer?

The role of computer fans

Fans are used in computers to dissipate generated heat. There is usually one fan for the power supply, one fan for cooling the CPU, one or more fans in the computer case, and possibly one fan on the graphics card. Use alternative computer architectures (ea heat pipes) to remove heat from processors and other components that can generate high temperatures.

Even though the use of fans is popular and comes in a variety of designs, there are some perks to owning a computer without any of these devices. Such as:
No external waste. Depending on the position of the fans and the dynamics of the airflow in the case, the computer fans blow in on one side and blow out on the other. When a computer fan blows inward, it carries not only fresh air but also waste products such as dust and dirt. Over time, this waste can build up and interfere with the electronic components inside your computer, causing them to malfunction. By using a computer without a fan, you eliminate the ingress of dust that could damage your computer.

There are no moving parts. The moving parts of a computer are susceptible to mechanical failure caused by debris, shock and vibration. Most, if not all, computers' moving parts are fans. When a fan fails mechanically, not only does the fan need to be replaced, it also jeopardizes the stability and proper functioning of the computer. As the temperature increases, the device may shut down unexpectedly. Some electronic components may overheat and be permanently damaged. With a fanless computer, the risk of mechanical failure of the fan and the resulting downtime and damage to the electronics is eliminated.

any position. A computer without a fan can be placed where a device with a fan is not suitable. For example, it may be necessary to place the computer in an outdoor space that is exposed to rain and snow. A computer with a fan cannot function if it is exposed to the elements, while a computer without a fan can withstand it.

Silent operation. Almost all the noise a computer makes comes from its fans. By eliminating the fan, the noise is eliminated. Creating an IPC that works quietly is an important consideration in choosing an IPC, such as a conference room or a hospital.

What factors should be considered when choosing a fanless computer?

We have identified the great advantages of fanless computers, especially for industrial use. However, this is not the only, or even the most important factor. We should also consider the following:
installation requirements
There are many installation methods for fanless industrial computers, including wall-mounted, embedded, desktop and rack-mounted. When selecting a model, you must choose the most suitable installation method according to the site environment and equipment. To select the type in order to avoid the difficulty of wiring during installation.

technical parameter
When an enterprise buys a fanless industrial computer, it must choose the appropriate model according to the relevant technical parameters, mainly based on the technical parameters of the processor, storage, and memory. In addition, it also depends on the system and software version used. etc., only by selecting the appropriate technical parameters can the application requirements of various equipment be fully met.



size of space
When selecting the type of fanless industrial computer, the size of the space to be used should be considered. For example, if the fanless industrial computer needs to be installed in a relatively small space, the installation size will become an inevitable constraint for the selection. Therefore, you can first Measure the installation size on site, and then select the industrial computer specifications that meet the installation size requirements.

Environmental requirements
The reason why the fanless industrial computer is different from ordinary household or commercial computers is that it can be used in harsh environments, such as ultra-high or ultra-low temperature environments, high dust environments, and high vibration environments. It is necessary to pay attention to the selection of models that can be applied to the corresponding environment.

Since industrial PCs are not aimed at consumer electronics users (due to a more specific market with higher requirements for materials and specifications), the price will be higher than ordinary PCs. So you have to determine cost/benefit. Do you really need a more expensive local PC with all its components, or just a terminal that connects to the server through a remote session?

In summary, if you've spent a lot of resources on production line automation equipment (regular PCs, cases, etc.) that just doesn't seem to work in all environments, why wouldn't you consider a long-term investment in a solution like an industrial fanless PC? Maybe you can analyze this first option starting with SINSMART.

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