Placeholder What are the differences between servers, workstations, and IPCs in weak power engineering? | SINSMART

In the weak power engineering, will use many kinds of computers, the application of different scenarios, called different, such as: workstation, server, industrial control machine. But found that the function and the computer is similar, take a look at the list, less than a few thousand, more than hundreds of thousands of dollars, why the function is similar, but the price gap is so big? Here we talk together about these different computers.

I. Servers

1, what is a server

The server is a high-performance computer that runs the corresponding application software in a network environment to provide online users with shared information resources and various services, the English name is SERVER. server composition and our usual PC has many similarities, such as a CPU (central processing unit), memory, hard disk, various buses, etc., except that it is not for the end individual user, but for the It is a high-performance computer that provides various shared services (network, Web applications, database, files, printing, etc.) and other applications for end users, and its high performance is mainly reflected in the high-speed computing capability, long-term reliability, and strong external data throughput capacity, etc. Therefore, the server is the pivot of the network and the core of information technology. It is mainly used in core data centers for computing and analysis, data storage and other functions.

Servers are specially designed for specific applications, and therefore servers are divided into different types according to the application environment of the server. For example, file servers for daily corporate offices, database servers for data processing, and mail servers for mail services. As many businesses must be online 24/7. Therefore, stability and reliability become the difference between servers and PCs. In order to ensure the stability and reliability of servers and reduce the chance of server downtime in a multi-user and multi-task environment, the server platform applies a lot of technologies that are not available in ordinary computers, such as redundancy technology, system backup, online diagnostic technology, fault pre-alert technology, memory error correction technology, hot-swapping technology and remote diagnostic technology, etc., so that most faults can be repaired in a timely manner without downtime. The server has strong manageability.

2、Types of servers

There are many types of servers, and the more common ones are tower servers, rack servers and blade servers. Let's see what are the differences in the appearance of various servers.

1)Tower server

The tower server is very similar to the vertical PC, but because there are more internal parts and more slots in the server, it is a larger server than the PC.

2) Rackmount server

Rackmount server looks like a switch instead of a computer, and is available in 1u (1u=1.75 inches), 2u, 4u and other sizes. Rackmount servers are installed inside a standard 19-inch cabinet. Rack servers are installed in cabinets by tier, and a dozen or more 2U rack servers can usually be installed in a single cabinet.

Compared to tower servers, rack servers have a relatively high space utilization. That is, it can install more equipment per unit of space.

3) Blade server

Blade server is a high-density server, which has higher space utilization compared to rack server. As shown in the figure, there are as many as a dozen servers in a single blade frame.

In addition to the above common server forms, there are actually some more customized servers. For example, many Internet companies have very high requirements for the computing rate per unit volume of the server. Therefore, they work with server manufacturers to remove the chassis of the server and install the board directly in the rack after customization, so that more servers can be installed in one cabinet.

II. Workstation

1、What is a workstation

Workstation, is a personal computer and distributed network computing-based, mainly for professional applications, with powerful data computing and graphics, image processing capabilities, to meet the engineering design, animation, scientific research, software development, financial management, information services, simulation and other professional fields and design and development of high-performance computers. Direct point is that we work computer, can be called workstation.

Workstations are mainly used in the following fields.

(1) computer-aided design and manufacturing CAD/CAM, graphics workstations are with its intuitive, high precision, high efficiency show a strong competitive advantage.

(2) animation design: the user group is mainly television stations, advertising companies, film and television production companies, game software development companies, interior decoration companies. The use of computer software for design, and can allow users to see the three-dimensional simulation effects before.

(3) GIS geographic information system: The customer group it is oriented to is mainly urban planning units, environmental protection departments, geographic and geological survey institutes, research institutes, etc.. It enables users to understand the details of the project location and surrounding facilities, such as street light columns, underground drainage pipes, etc., in real time and intuitively. These large data volume operations can also only run efficiently on workstations with professional graphics processing capabilities.

(4) Graphic image processing: It is the industry with a high degree of application popularity. Users are usually graphics workstation as a hardware platform, PhotoShop, CorelDraw and other software as operating tools, dedicated to picture image processing, advertising and promotional coloring page design, packaging design, textile pattern design, etc..

In addition, according to the size and portability, workstations can also be divided into desktop workstations and mobile workstations. Desktop workstations are similar to ordinary desktop computers, larger in size and without portability to speak of, but powerful in performance and suitable for professional users. A mobile workstation is actually a high-performance laptop, but its hardware configuration and overall performance is a notch higher than that of an ordinary laptop.

III, industrial control machine

1, what is the industrial control machine

Industrial control machine, "industrial control computer" for short, is a microcomputer composed of large-scale integrated circuits, is designed specifically for the industrial site and the computer, with the computer's motherboard, CPU, hard disk, memory, external interfaces, operating systems, computing power, human-machine interface and other attributes and features, is widely used in the control site It is widely used in many fields such as control site, road and bridge toll, medical, environmental protection, intelligent transportation, communication, monitoring, CNC machine tools, finance, aerospace, etc., so that various automation and intelligent needs of various industries can be met.

Compared with traditional PC computers, industrial control machines are more often used in harsh environments, so they have to be easy to maintain, heat dissipation, dustproof, product cycle, size and other aspects have more stringent requirements, therefore, creating the unique characteristics of industrial control machines. Our daily life, we can often see ATM cash machines, shopping mall cash registers, POS industry machines, industrial all-in-one machines, information release screens and other intelligent devices, these intelligent devices not only facilitate our lives, but also to ensure the efficient and safe production of enterprises, but also an industrial control machine.

IIII, the installation system

1, the server operating system is divided into two categories, Windows and Linux systems.

Optional operating systems for Windows.

Service version: WindowsServer2003, WindowsServer2008, WindowsServer2012, WindowsServer2016

Desktop version: WindowsXP, Windows7, Windows10

Linux optional operating systems are: mainly divided into debian and redhat systems, as well as other free distributions.

Operating systems.

Operating systems are divided into two categories, the functions of these devices are different, the application scenarios are also different, weak power engineering to be applied to different systems according to different functions, configure the most reasonable functional requirements, not to waste the cost of equipment (prices are not the same, processing power, functionality is also different).

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